Lesson Summary

Innovators need to be aware of how innovation affects the social, cultural and economic lives for different populations.

Learning Objectives

CSP Objectives

Big Idea - Impact
  • EU 7.3 - Computing has global effects — both beneficial and harmful — on people and society.
    • LO 7.3.1 - Analyze the beneficial and harmful effects of computing. [P4]
  • EU 7.4 - Computing innovations influence and are influenced by the economic, social, and cultural contexts in which they are designed and used.
    • LO 7.4.1 - Explain the connections between computing and real-world contexts, including economic, social, and cultural contexts. [P1]

Math Common Core Practice:

  • MP3: Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others.

Common Core ELA:

  • RST 12.1 - Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science and technical texts, attending to important distinctions the author makes and to any gaps or inconsistencies in the account.
  • RST 12.2 - Determine central ideas and conclusions in the text
  • RST 12.6 - Analyze the author's purpose in providing an explanation, describing a procedure
  • WHST 12.1 - Write arguments on discipline specific content
  • WHST 12.4 - Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience

NGSS Practices:

  • 1. Asking questions (for science) and defining problems (for engineering)

Key Concepts

Innovation comes with a cost as well as a reward.


Essential Questions

  • What are some potential beneficial and harmful effects of computing?
  • How do economic, social, and cultural contexts influence innovation and the use of computing?

Teacher Resources

Student computer usage for this lesson is: required

Lesson Preparation:

  1. Print the 2 student worksheets (Artificial Intelligence, FindMyPhone) for each student (can be printed on a single page front/back)
    or students can use their own paper.
  2. You'll need Internet access to show the Youtube video and to allow students to read the online article.
  3. In the Lesson Resources folder:
  • Ethical Impacts of Innovation.ppt
  • ArtificialIntelligence.docx
  • FindMyPhone.docx

Articles:

In Practice Explore Task's Lesson Resources folder:

  • Practice Explore Task Preparation.docx

Lesson Plan

Getting Started:

  • Lesson Starter: Using your journal, consider the following:
    • List three questions you could ask to decide if an innovation is "ethical".
  • When the students finish, have them discuss their answers.
  • (Suggestions: does it cause physical, emotional, cultural, environmental, economic or social harm?)

Introduction of Content

Present "Ethical Impacts of Innovation" PowerPoint slides (in Lesson Resources folder)

Summary of the PowerPoint.

  1. An introduction to what ethics is, and the different ways it is studied.
  2. A first-responder has life or death ethical decisions to make. The same kind of decision process can apply to other situations.
  3. The creation and distribution of new technology can bring up ethical considerations
  4. Napster is used as an example case study of an innovation that had positive and negative effects. There were legal and ethical considerations to giving people the ability to trade copyrighted music online.
  5. Different kinds of artifacts that students could create are presented.
  6. Show the Ethics of Artificial Intelligence video (summary below). Then students fill out their worksheets on the social, cultural and economic impacts.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=95KhuSbYJGE (from the Idea Channel)

Artificial Intelligence Video (show from 0:00 – 5:12)

  1. Basic assumption: It’s unethical NOT to develop artificial intelligence
  2. Robots that learn, problem solve and are creative have been around since mid-20th century
  3. People are threatened, why hire people if you can have a robot?
  4. Robots for everything: Google self-driving car, Watson going for diagnostic medicine, Perry Mastron for legal needs
  5. Robots can so much: not just boring, repetitive, dangerous, but also complex thinking jobs
  6. It is ethical to stop improvement? The ethic of truths. We need things like cheaper, better medical care
  7. The printing press challenged the status quo. Old inventions caused problems too.
  8. Ethics of progress: possibility of atrocity (nuclear bomb) does that mean don’t develop nuclear power?
  9. Is it unethical to stop the development of artificial intelligence?
  10. (STOP at 5:12) after that it’s about emotion. (skip it)

 

7. Have students read the Find My Phone article and fill out their worksheets to describe the social, cultural and economic impacts of the software. ("FindMyPhone.docx" in the Lesson Resources folder)http://www.news.com.au/technology/gadgets/these-smartphone-users-share-how-tracking-

Find My Phone article

Some people think that programs like Find My Phone are used by over-protective parents and mistrusting partners to spy on people. But it can be lifesaving feature of a cell phone.

app-find-my-friend-has-saved-them/story-fn6vihic-1226752063613

8.      The last slide in the PowerPoint directs students to prepare for the performance task

 

Wrap Up

Journal: Have students respond to the following prompt:

If you come up with an innovation that solves a problem, what concerns do you need to consider before releasing it to the world?

Homework:

Research for Practice Explore Performance Task ("Practice Explore Task Response Document")


Options for Differentiated Instruction

For a less advanced class, skip slides 3-6 and instead have them define ethics and ethical and come up with examples in their world.

Guided notes would be helpful for ELL  or SpED


Evidence of Learning

Formative Assessment

Journal:

  • Have students respond to the following prompt:
    • If you come up with an innovation that solves a problem, what concerns do you need to consider before releasing it to the world?

Homework:

  • Research for Practice Explore Performance Task (Practice Explore Task Response Document.docx)

Summative Assessment

Explore Performance Task